Wage penalty in the public sector
Schmitt found three important differences between state-local and private workforces:
- State and local employees are substantially better educated than workers in the private sector--over half of state and local employees have a four-year college degree or more, compared to about 30 percent in the private sector.
- State and local employees are about four years older than private-sector workers.
- Sixty percent of state and local workers are women compared to less than half of private sector worker.
According to 50-state charts in the report measuring state and local public employees, ages 18-64 in 2009, Hawaii has 70,742 such employees (55,725 state and 14,747 local) comprising 13.8 percent of all employees.
The Wage Penalty for State and Local Government Employees (pdf, 20pp/257kB), May 2010
Press Release, May 12, 2010
Related Issue Brief: The Benefits of State and Local Government Employees (pdf, 2pp/78kB), May 2010