Unfunded mandates

One of the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995, P.L. 104-4 (pdf, 25pp/144kB), requires the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) to inform Congress about the costs of mandates in proposed legislation. CBO has issued a report on its 2006 UMRA actions.
Under UMRA, a mandate is any provision in legislation, statute, or regulation that would impose an enforceable duty on state, local, or tribal governments or the private sector, or that would reduce or eliminate the amount of funding authorized to cover the costs of existing mandates
Of the 321 public laws enacted in 2006, 30 contained one or more intergovernmental mandates, and 39 contained one or more private-sector mandates. Two public laws contained intergovermental mandates whose costs exceeded the statutory threshold of $64 million.

In addition to identifying mandates passed in 2006, the report gives overviews of mandate statements prepared by CBO in 2006 and mandates with above-threshold costs enacted since 1996.

A Review of CBO's Activities in 2006 Under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (pdf, 72pp/592kB), April 2007

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